С распространением эпидемии Сovid-19 исследователи пытаются определить первую человека, которая заболела на коронавирус. Зачем это выяснять и как вообще возник термин «нулевой пациент»?

Власти Китая и эксперты не пришли к согласию относительно того, откуда началась эпидемия, и кто первым заболел на новый вирус. Другими словами, кто является «нулевым пациентом» в эпидемии Covid-19.

Уровень генетического анализа сегодня позволяет проследить происхождение вируса через тех, кто им заразился. Вместе с эпидемиологическими исследованиями ученые могут определить людей, которые, возможно, заболели первыми и начали распространять болезнь, спровоцировав таким образом вспышка.

Но зачем их определять? Это может дать ответы на важные вопросы, как, когда и почему началась эпидемия. Это также может остановить распространение инфекции или предотвратить будущие вспышки.

Итак, мы знаем, кто является нулевым пациентом в эпидемии Covid-19, которая началась в Китае?

Короткий ответ — нет.

Власти Китая сначала сообщила, что первый случай коронавирус произошел 31 декабря. Многие из первых случаев вирусной пневмонии немедленно связали с рынком морепродуктов и животных в Ухане в провинции Хубэй.

Этот регион является эпицентром вспышки. Там зафиксированы почти 82% всех случаев (более 75 000 больных) в Китае и всем мире, по данным Университета Джона Хопкинса.

Оптовый рынок морепродуктов Хуанань, который связывают с первыми случаями коронавирус, теперь закрыт

Впрочем, исследование китайских ученых, опубликованное в медицинском журнале Lancet утверждает, что впервые диагноз Covid-19 поставили 1 декабря 2019 года (то есть намного раньше). И главное, этот человек не имел «контакта» с морепродуктами с рынка Хуанань.

Старшая врач в больнице Цзиніньтан в Ухане и одна из авторов исследования Ву Веньцзюань заявила китайской службе BBC, что пациентом был пожилой мужчина, который страдал болезнью Альцгеймера.

«Он жил за четыре-пять автобусных остановок от рынка морепродуктов и поскольку был болен, почти не выходил из дома», — говорит Ву Веньцзюань.

Она также рассказала, что в трех других людей в последующие дни возникли симптомы вируса, но двое из них также не имели никакого контакта с рынком Хуанань.

Исследователи также установили, что 27 из 41 пациента, которые попали в больницу на ранних стадиях вспышки, «имели отношение к рынку».

Сейчас наиболее вероятной остается гипотеза ВОЗ о том, что вспышка коронавирус начался на рынке, а сам Сovid-19, очевидно, передалось от живого животного человеку-хозяину, от которого потом началось распространение среди людей.

Так может на самом деле один человек спровоцировать массовую вспышку?

Эпидемия эболы в Западной Африке в 2014-2016 годах была крупнейшим вспышкой вируса с момента его обнаружения в 1976 году. По данным ВОЗ, от эболы умерли более 11 000 человек, были заражены — 28 000.

Вспышка длился более двух лет и зацепил 10 стран, преимущественно в Африке. Но отдельные случаи эболы также зафиксированы в США, Испании, Великобритании и Италии.

Эпидемию эболы, которая охватила Западную Африку, проследили до мальчика из Гвинеи, который, очевидно, заразился вирусом от летучих мышей

Ученые пришли к выводу, что вспышка нового штамма эболы начался всего лишь с одного человека — двухлетнего мальчика из Гвинеи. Он мог заразиться вирусом, когда играл в дупле дерево, в котором жила колония летучих мышей.

Ученые поехали до поселка Меліанду, где жил мальчик, взяли образцы генетического материала и пообщались с местными жителями, чтобы узнать больше об источнике вспышки инфекции.

Впрочем, пожалуй, самым «нулевым пациентом» была Мэри Меллон, которая получила прозвище «тифозная Мэри» за то, что вызвала вспышку брюшного тифа в Нью-Йорке в 1906 году.

Меллон переехала в США из Ирландии, где начала работать поварихой в богатых семьях. После вспышки случаев тифа среди состоятельных семей Нью-Йорка врачи проследили его источник — Мэри Меллон.

В каждой семье, где она работала, начинался брюшной тиф, при этом сама Мэри не болела.

Врачи назвали ее здоровым носителем — человеком, зараженным болезнью, которая не имеет ее симптомов или они мало заметны. Такие носители болезни обычно заражают многих людей.

Сейчас есть свидетельства того, что некоторые люди распространяют вирусы больше других. Меллон является одним из первых зарегистрированных случаев так называемых «суперпоширювачів».

В то время ежегодно несколько тысяч ньюйоркцев болели брюшным тифом, смертность от которого была 10%.

Мэри Меллон по прозвищу тифозная Мэри заразила брюшным тифом несколько десятков семей в Нью-Йорке в начале прошлого века

Термин «нулевой пациент», однако, окружен стигмой.

Многие эксперты в области здравоохранения против выявления первого подтвержденного случая болезни. Они опасаются дезинформации о болезни или даже виктимизации человека.

Известный пример — человек, которого ошибочно определили «нулевым пациентом» эпидемии Спида.

Гаэтан Дугас-канадский бортпроводник и гей, является одним из наиболее демонизированных пациентов в истории. Его обвиняли в распространении ВИЧ в США в 1980-х.

Лишь три десятилетия спустя ученые обнаружили, что у него не мог быть первый случай болезни. Исследования 2016 года показало, что вирус попал в Америку из Карибского бассейна в начале 1970-х.

Интересно, что сам термин «нулевой пациент» случайно появился именно во время эпидемии ВИЧ-инфекции.

Исследуя распространение болезни в Лос-Анджелесе и Сан-Франциско в начале 1980-х, сотрудники Центров по контролю и профилактике заболеваний использовали букву «O» на обозначения случаев «за пределами штата Калифорния» (outside the state of California).

Другие исследователи ошибочно трактовали букву как число 0 — так и появился термин «нулевой пациент».

Прочитать оригинал этой статьи на английском языке можно на сайте BBC Future.

Хотите поделиться с нами своими жизненными историями? Напишите о себе на адрес questions.ukrainian@bbc.co.uk и наши журналисты с вами свяжутся.

Хотите получать главное в мессенджер? Подписывайтесь на наш Telegram или Viber!

Также на эту тему

  • Наука
  • Общество
  • коронавирус
  • Здоровья

555 КОММЕНТАРИИ

  1. Hi, i feel that i noticed you visited my web site thus i got here
    to return the want?.I am attempting to find issues
    to enhance my site!I suppose its good enough to make use of a few of your concepts!!

  2. Hello there! This article couldn’t be written much better!
    Going through this article reminds me of my previous roommate!
    He constantly kept talking about this. I am going to forward this post to him.
    Fairly certain he’ll have a good read. Thank you for
    sharing!

    Here is my webpage … rollex11 download — 918kiss-m.com,

  3. Undeniably believe that which you said. Your favorite justification seemed to be on the net the easiest thing to be aware of.

    I say to you, I definitely get annoyed while people consider worries that they just don’t know about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people
    could take a signal. Will likely be back to get more.

    Thanks

  4. My programmer is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the costs.

    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using Movable-type on a number of websites for about a year and am anxious about
    switching to another platform. I have heard excellent things about
    blogengine.net. Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress content into it?
    Any help would be really appreciated!

    Visit my website; home ace333 download

  5. What i do not understood is in fact how you’re not really much more well-appreciated
    than you may be now. You are very intelligent. You recognize thus significantly in terms of
    this subject, produced me in my view consider it from
    numerous varied angles. Its like women and men aren’t fascinated
    unless it’s one thing to do with Lady gaga! Your individual stuffs excellent.
    All the time handle it up!

    Take a look at my homepage: download game greatwall99

  6. Have you ever considered about including a little bit more than just your articles?
    I mean, what you say is important and all. However imagine if you added some great images or video clips to give your posts more,
    «pop»! Your content is excellent but with pics and videos, this
    website could definitely be one of the greatest in its field.

    Superb blog!

  7. Its like you read my thoughts! You appear to know a lot approximately this, such as you wrote the guide in it or something.
    I think that you just can do with some percent to pressure the message house a little bit,
    however other than that, this is magnificent blog. A fantastic read.

    I’ll certainly be back.

  8. Right here is the right web site for anybody who wishes to find out about this topic.
    You understand so much its almost hard to argue with you (not that I
    personally will need to…HaHa). You certainly
    put a brand new spin on a subject that has been written about for decades.
    Great stuff, just wonderful!

    my website: Jamie

  9. Having read this I believed it was really informative.
    I appreciate you finding the time and energy to put this content together.
    I once again find myself spending a significant amount of time both reading and posting comments.

    But so what, it was still worthwhile!

    Feel free to visit my page :: khoquet.com

  10. Fascinating blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?
    A theme like yours with a few simple adjustements would really make my
    blog jump out. Please let me know where you got your theme.
    Thanks

    Feel free to surf to my blog; Clyde

  11. Іt іs appropriate time to make a few рlans ffor
    the future and it’s time to be һappy. I’ve reaԀ tһis submit and iff I
    may I wish to recommend you ssome attention-grabbing things or
    suggestions. Maybe yоu could write next articles relating to thiks
    article. I wish too read more issues ɑpproximatelу it!

    Аlso visit my page :: judi slot online (1stoutsource.org)

  12. Hi, I do believe this is a great site. I stumbledupon it
    😉 I’m going to return once again since I book marked it.
    Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to help
    other people.

  13. Magnificent goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous to and you are just extremely fantastic.
    I actually like what you have acquired here, certainly like what you are saying and the way in which you say it.
    You make it entertaining and you still take care of to keep it wise.
    I cant wait to read far more from you. This is really a wonderful web site.

    Look at my web-site mpc-install.com

  14. Do you mind if I quote a couple of your articles as long as I provide credit and sources back to your
    weblog? My blog site is in the very same area of interest as yours and my users would truly benefit from a lot of the information you
    provide here. Please let me know if this okay with you. Thank you!

    Here is my homepage :: https://kebe.top/

  15. Everything composed made a ton of sense. But, what about this?
    what if you typed a catchier post title? I ain’t suggesting your content isn’t good., but suppose you added something that grabbed a
    person’s attention? I mean Нулевой пациент эпидемии коронавирус:
    кто он и зачем его искать is kinda
    vanilla. You might glance at Yahoo’s front page and note how they create article headlines to
    get viewers to click. You might add a related video or a related pic or
    two to get people interested about what you’ve written. In my
    opinion, it might bring your website a little livelier.

  16. I simply wanted to thank you once again for your amazing site you have made here.
    It can be full of ideas for those who are seriously
    interested in this subject, specifically this very post.
    You really are all so sweet and thoughtful of others
    and also reading the blog posts is a fantastic
    delight in my experience. And exactly what a generous treat!
    Dan and I will certainly have excitement making
    use of your points in what we should instead do
    in the future. Our listing is a mile long which means that your tips will certainly be
    put to fine use.

    Check out my web site: https://bbs.yunweishidai.com

  17. I’m extremely inspired together with your writing skills and also with the
    format for your blog. Is that this a paid subject matter or did you
    customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice high quality writing, it’s uncommon to peer a nice weblog like
    this one today..

    Feel free to surf to my blog — kebe.top

  18. I became honored to get a call from a friend as soon as he discovered the important ideas shared in your
    site. Looking at your blog posting is a real amazing experience.

    Thank you for thinking about readers just like me, and I wish you the best of achievements for a professional in this domain.

    Here is my web-site sacdclub.com

  19. An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a coworker who has been conducting
    a little research on this. And he actually bought me lunch due to the fact that
    I stumbled upon it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this….
    Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending some time to discuss this issue here on your blog.

    Feel free to surf to my homepage: Mae

  20. Good ? I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your web site.
    I had no trouble navigating through all tabs and related information ended up
    being truly simple to do to access. I recently found
    what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Reasonably unusual.
    Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or
    something, web site theme . a tones way for your customer
    to communicate. Excellent task.

    Also visit my page :: bbs.yunweishidai.com

  21. First of all I want to say fantastic blog! I had
    a quick question that I’d like to ask if you do not mind.
    I was interested to know how you center yourself and clear your thoughts before writing.
    I’ve had trouble clearing my mind in getting my ideas out there.

    I truly do enjoy writing however it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes are usually wasted simply just trying to figure out
    how to begin. Any recommendations or hints? Thanks!

    My web page; kebe.top

  22. Thanks so much for giving us an update on this subject on your blog.
    Please be aware that if a completely new post becomes available or if perhaps any
    variations occur to the current write-up, I would be interested in reading more and finding out how to make
    good use of those tactics you share. Thanks for your efforts and consideration of others by making this web site available.

    My web blog https://grazebo.com/

  23. Hello there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this blog before but after checking through some of the post I realized
    it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m definitely delighted
    I found it and I’ll be bookmarking and checking back often!

    Visit my web blog :: grazebo.com

  24. Thank you so much regarding giving everyone an update on this topic
    on your blog. Please understand that if a completely new post appears or when any improvements occur with the current post, I would
    be thinking about reading a lot more and knowing how to
    make good utilization of those approaches you discuss.

    Thanks for your efforts and consideration of other men and women by making this web site available.

    Feel free to surf to my webpage … 185.52.3.110

  25. I have to show my thanks to the writer just for rescuing me from this type of predicament.

    After surfing throughout the online world and finding notions that
    were not pleasant, I believed my life was over.
    Being alive devoid of the solutions to the issues you have resolved as a result of your entire article content is
    a critical case, and those that could have in a negative way
    affected my career if I hadn’t noticed your web page. Your good skills and kindness in controlling all the stuff
    was excellent. I’m not sure what I would have done if I
    had not discovered such a subject like this.
    I am able to at this time relish my future. Thank you
    very much for this expert and effective guide.
    I will not think twice to refer your blog to anyone who ought to have assistance
    on this subject.

    Also visit my website … grazebo.com

  26. hello!,I really like your writing so much! percentage we keep up a correspondence extra about
    your article on AOL? I need a specialist on this space to unravel my problem.
    May be that’s you! Taking a look ahead to look you.

    Review my web-site — grazebo.com

  27. Thanks on your marvelous posting! I seriously enjoyed
    reading it, you can be a great author. I will be sure to bookmark your
    blog and definitely will come back at some point.
    I want to encourage yourself to continue your great work, have a
    nice afternoon!

    my homepage — chengdian.cc

  28. I needed to post you one little bit of observation to help give thanks as before considering the nice principles you have shown on this website.
    This is so wonderfully generous of you to give openly all
    many people could have advertised for an e book to
    help with making some cash for themselves, notably given that you might well have tried it in the event you wanted.
    These inspiring ideas additionally acted to provide a good way to be sure that other people online have similar dream like my own to
    understand lots more regarding this matter.
    I’m sure there are many more pleasurable sessions in the future for individuals that read your website.

    My homepage: exterminatorsouthflorida.com

  29. Hiya, I’m really glad I’ve found this info. Nowadays bloggers
    publish just about gossips and web and this is really frustrating.
    A good site with interesting content, that is what I need.
    Thank you for keeping this web-site, I will be visiting it.
    Do you do newsletters? Can’t find it.

    Take a look at my blog … kebe.top

  30. Thank you for another fantastic post. The place else may
    anyone get that kind of information in such an ideal way of
    writing? I have a presentation next week, and I am at the search for such
    info.

    Also visit my blog post: Charley

  31. Definitely believe that which you said. Your favorite justification seemed to
    be on the web the easiest thing to be aware of.

    I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people
    think about worries that they plainly don’t know about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top as well as defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people can take a signal.

    Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

    Feel free to visit my website: Archie

  32. I?m amazed, I must say. Rarely do I encounter a blog that?s equally educative and entertaining,
    and let me tell you, you’ve hit the nail on the head.
    The problem is something not enough folks are speaking intelligently about.
    I am very happy I stumbled across this during my search for something relating to this.

    Here is my blog post :: mpc-install.com

  33. I usually do not drop a ton of responses, however i did a few
    searching and wound up here Нулевой пациент эпидемии коронавирус:
    кто он и зачем его искать. And I do have a few questions for
    you if it’s allright. Is it only me or does it give the impression like some of the responses
    come across like they are written by brain dead
    people? 😛 And, if you are writing on other places, I would like
    to follow everything new you have to post. Would you make a list of the complete urls
    of all your community sites like your linkedin profile,
    Facebook page or twitter feed?

    Here is my web site … forum.imtradesuccess.com

  34. Hey would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re working with?
    I’m looking to start my own blog in the near future but I’m having a
    difficult time selecting between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.

    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most
    blogs and I’m looking for something unique. P.S Apologies for being off-topic but I had
    to ask!

    my webpage … https://grautocar.com/

  35. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point.
    You definitely know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence
    on just posting videos to your site when you could be giving
    us something informative to read?

  36. Good day! This is kind of off topic but I need some advice from an established blog.
    Is it hard to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty quick.

    I’m thinking about setting up my own but I’m not sure where
    to begin. Do you have any ideas or suggestions? Thank you

    My website … forum.adm-tolka.ru

  37. Cool blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?
    A theme like yours with a few simple adjustements would really make
    my blog stand out. Please let me know where you got your theme.

    Thanks

    Here is my blog post; kebe.top

  38. Greetings from Los angeles! I’m bored to death at work so I decided to
    check out your blog on my iphone during lunch break. I enjoy the information you provide here and can’t wait to take a look
    when I get home. I’m shocked at how quick your blog loaded on my cell phone ..
    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, awesome blog!

    my website; kebe.top

  39. Interesting blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it
    from somewhere? A design like yours with a few simple tweeks would really make my blog shine.
    Please let me know where you got your theme. Cheers

    Look at my webpage: kebe.top

  40. Hi there, I found your web site by the use of Google while searching for a similar subject, your web site got
    here up, it appears great. I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.[X-N-E-W-L-I-N-S-P-I-N-X]Hello there, simply was aware of your
    weblog via Google, and found that it is truly informative.
    I’m gonna watch out for brussels. I will appreciate if you happen to proceed
    this in future. Lots of other people shall be benefited out of your writing.
    Cheers!

    Feel free to surf to my page … http://epcsoftware.org

  41. Hey just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few of the images aren’t loading properly.
    I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different web browsers
    and both show the same outcome.

    my homepage … http://www.hydrology.ipt.pw/out/public-profile-clintrud349-classifiedadsubmissionservice-com-free-classifieds-ads

  42. I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here.
    The sketch is attractive, your authored subject matter stylish.
    nonetheless, you command get got an shakiness over that you wish be delivering the following.
    unwell unquestionably come more formerly again since exactly the same nearly very often inside
    case you shield this hike.

    My website: Dotty

  43. I don’t know whether it’s just me or if everyone
    else experiencing problems with your blog. It appears as if some
    of the text in your posts are running off the screen. Can somebody else please comment
    and let me know if this is happening to them
    as well? This may be a problem with my browser because I’ve had this happen before.

    Appreciate it

    Here is my web site — http://www.lubertsi.net/

  44. I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme.
    Did you make this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you?

    Plz respond as I’m looking to construct my own blog and would like
    to find out where u got this from. cheers

    My web page — Efren

  45. Thank you so much for giving everyone a very spectacular chance to discover important secrets from this
    website. It is often so pleasurable and jam-packed with a
    good time for me personally and my office co-workers to visit your site at the least thrice per week to learn the newest things
    you will have. And indeed, I’m just actually impressed concerning the amazing inspiring ideas you serve.
    Some 4 tips in this posting are honestly the most suitable I have ever had.

    Feel free to visit my web-site kebe.top

  46. Simply to follow up on the update of this
    topic on your web page and wish to let you know simply how
    much I loved the time you took to produce this handy post.

    Inside the post, you spoke of how to truly handle
    this thing with all convenience. It would be
    my personal pleasure to collect some more ideas from your web site and come up to offer others what I discovered from you.
    Thank you for your usual good effort.

    Have a look at my web-site usedtiresbrowardcounty.com

  47. What you published was actually very reasonable.

    But, think about this, what if you wrote a catchier post title?
    I ain’t saying your content isn’t good, however what if you added
    a title that makes people want more? I mean Нулевой пациент
    эпидемии коронавирус: кто он и зачем его искать is a little plain. You
    should glance at Yahoo’s front page and see how
    they create post headlines to grab viewers to open the links.
    You might add a related video or a pic or two
    to get people interested about what you’ve written.
    Just my opinion, it might make your posts a little
    livelier.

    Stop by my site — Lion House Keto

  48. Superb website you have here but I was curious about if you knew of any message boards that
    cover the same topics talked about in this article? I’d really
    like to be a part of community where I can get opinions from other knowledgeable individuals that share the same interest.
    If you have any recommendations, please let me know.
    Thank you!

    My homepage :: mpc-install.com

  49. Greetings, I do think your website might be having internet browser compatibility issues. When I take a look at your web site in Safari, it looks fine however, if opening in IE, it’s got some overlapping issues. I just wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Apart from that, great site!

  50. An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a colleague who has been conducting a little research on this. And he actually ordered me lunch because I found it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending the time to talk about this matter here on your website.

  51. What i don’t realize is if truth be told how you’re no longer
    really much more neatly-favored than you may be now. You’re so intelligent.
    You realize therefore significantly relating to this
    matter, produced me in my view consider it from so many various angles.
    Its like men and women don’t seem to be interested until it’s something to do with Girl gaga!

    Your own stuffs excellent. At all times deal with it up!

    Feel free to surf to my blog; Jolt Alpha Ingredients

  52. I almost never comment, but i did a few searching and
    wound up here Нулевой пациент эпидемии коронавирус: кто он и зачем его искать.

    And I do have a few questions for you if it’s
    allright. Could it be simply me or does it seem like a few of these responses look as if they are written by brain dead individuals?
    😛 And, if you are posting on additional online sites, I’d like to keep
    up with everything fresh you have to post. Could you list of every one of all your shared sites like your linkedin profile, Facebook page or twitter feed?

    my web page — Tommie

  53. Greetings! I know this is kinda off topic however , I’d figured I’d ask.
    Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe guest authoring a blog article or vice-versa?
    My site addresses a lot of the same subjects as yours and I think
    we could greatly benefit from each other. If you are interested feel free
    to shoot me an email. I look forward to hearing
    from you! Wonderful blog by the way!

    My web-site Nature Fused Anti Aging Cream

  54. My wife and i were really joyful Louis could finish off his web research with the precious recommendations he grabbed
    from your own web page. It’s not at all simplistic to simply
    choose to be handing out tricks that some other people could have been making money from.
    Therefore we remember we have the blog owner to thank because of that.
    These illustrations you have made, the easy blog menu, the relationships you make it easier
    to engender — it’s most overwhelming, and it’s really
    leading our son in addition to us believe that the topic is
    brilliant, and that is quite fundamental. Thanks for the whole lot!

    Look at my homepage: mtasa-forum.com

  55. I definitely wanted to post a simple comment to say
    thanks to you for these marvelous guides you are sharing on this site.

    My extensive internet lookup has at the end of the day been rewarded with awesome points
    to talk about with my close friends. I would state that that most of us site visitors actually are undeniably
    endowed to dwell in a notable community with very many marvellous individuals with very beneficial tactics.
    I feel extremely fortunate to have seen your weblog and look forward to really more awesome moments reading here.
    Thanks once more for everything.

    My blog post — NeoBio Health Keto Review

  56. Howdy I am so grateful I found your web site, I really found you by accident, while I was browsing on Askjeeve for something else, Regardless I am here now and
    would just like to say many thanks for a remarkable post and a all round enjoyable
    blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to go through
    it all at the minute but I have bookmarked it and also added your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will
    be back to read a lot more, Please do keep up the
    excellent job.

    Feel free to surf to my blog :: Ilok Air Review

  57. Just desire to say your article is as surprising.
    The clearness in your post is just cool and i can assume you are an expert on this subject.
    Fine with your permission let me to grab your feed to
    keep up to date with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and
    please keep up the rewarding work.

    my web page: Neo Bio Keto

  58. I have been exploring for a little for any high-quality articles or weblog posts in this kind
    of space . Exploring in Yahoo I finally stumbled upon this web site.
    Reading this information So i am happy to convey that
    I have an incredibly just right uncanny feeling I discovered just what I needed.
    I so much definitely will make certain to do not overlook this web site and give it a look on a constant basis.

    Here is my blog: diet ulitmate

  59. I would like to show my love for your kind-heartedness supporting individuals who require help with the
    situation. Your real commitment to getting the solution along appears to be
    pretty significant and has empowered women like
    me to reach their objectives. This useful facts signifies this much
    a person like me and somewhat more to my fellow workers.
    Best wishes; from everyone of us.

    Here is my webpage; http://www.comptine.biz

  60. Danke für Die Guten Beitrag. Ich sind schon studieren dieses Thema für irgendwann . Die Objekte und Details Sie zeigen, ich war nicht bewusst. Ich wird wahrscheinlich sein folgend Ihre Blog jetzt und mit etwas Glück Sie können mehr Ideen und Einsichten.

  61. I do consider all of the concepts you have introduced on your post.

    They’re really convincing and will certainly work. Nonetheless,
    the posts are very quick for novices. May just you please lengthen them a bit from subsequent time?
    Thanks for the post.

    Feel free to surf to my blog — facial care

  62. Greetings from Florida! I’m bored at work so I decided to check out your blog on my iphone during lunch break. I love the knowledge you provide here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home. I’m amazed at how fast your blog loaded on my mobile .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, amazing blog!

  63. Hi would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re using? I’m looking to start my own blog in the near future but I’m having a tough time deciding between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal. The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something unique. P.S Apologies for being off-topic but I had to ask!

  64. Have you ever thought about including a little bit more than just your articles? I mean, what you say is important and everything. Nevertheless imagine if you added some great visuals or video clips to give your posts more, «pop»! Your content is excellent but with images and videos, this website could definitely be one of the very best in its niche. Terrific blog!

  65. I intended to send you the tiny observation to be able to thank you so much yet again regarding the exceptional ideas you have discussed in this case. It was extremely generous of people like you giving easily all that a lot of people would’ve advertised for an e-book to end up making some dough for their own end, chiefly since you could have tried it in the event you considered necessary. The points in addition worked to be the great way to be certain that other people have similar desire really like my personal own to grasp more pertaining to this condition. I’m certain there are millions of more pleasurable occasions ahead for people who read carefully your website.

  66. I have to express my admiration for your generosity giving support to men and women that have the need for guidance on that concept. Your special dedication to getting the solution up and down turned out to be incredibly interesting and have always encouraged women just like me to arrive at their ambitions. Your new interesting information denotes a lot a person like me and much more to my office workers. Thanks a ton; from everyone of us.

  67. Hey there just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in your post seem to be running off the screen in Chrome. I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to let you know. The layout look great though! Hope you get the problem solved soon. Cheers

  68. With havin so much written content do you ever run into any issues of plagorism or copyright violation? My site has a lot of unique content I’ve either created myself or outsourced but it appears a lot of it is popping it up all over the web without my authorization. Do you know any solutions to help stop content from being ripped off? I’d really appreciate it.

  69. I want to show some appreciation to this writer just for rescuing me from this type of circumstance. Just after checking throughout the world wide web and getting thoughts that were not productive, I was thinking my entire life was done. Being alive minus the answers to the problems you have fixed all through this review is a serious case, and the ones which might have negatively damaged my career if I had not discovered your web blog. Your actual mastery and kindness in playing with all the details was important. I am not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t come upon such a subject like this. It’s possible to at this moment look ahead to my future. Thanks a lot very much for your expert and results-oriented help. I won’t think twice to endorse the website to anybody who needs counselling about this matter.

  70. Admiring the time and effort you put into your website and detailed information you offer. It’s nice to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same old rehashed information. Great read! I’ve saved your site and I’m adding your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  71. I simply had to appreciate you once again. I’m not certain what I would have followed in the absence of the type of techniques provided by you on this area of interest. Completely was the frustrating condition in my view, but noticing the very skilled strategy you resolved it forced me to leap for delight. I’m happy for the assistance and in addition expect you comprehend what a powerful job you are always getting into teaching men and women with the aid of your blog post. Probably you have never come across any of us.

  72. I just wanted to jot down a simple word so as to say thanks to you for those superb advice you are placing at this website. My particularly long internet look up has at the end been recognized with professional points to go over with my pals. I ‘d mention that many of us site visitors actually are undeniably lucky to dwell in a magnificent network with so many lovely individuals with good things. I feel rather blessed to have seen your entire web pages and look forward to really more pleasurable times reading here. Thanks a lot again for a lot of things.

  73. I wish to express my appreciation to the writer just for bailing me out of such a condition. Right after browsing throughout the online world and meeting recommendations that were not powerful, I figured my life was done. Being alive minus the solutions to the difficulties you have resolved all through your main short article is a crucial case, and the kind that might have negatively affected my entire career if I hadn’t come across your site. Your mastery and kindness in playing with every part was very useful. I’m not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t encountered such a stuff like this. I can now look forward to my future. Thanks a lot so much for your professional and effective help. I will not hesitate to propose the website to anybody who should get guidelines about this situation.

  74. It is appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you some interesting things or tips. Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article. I want to read more things about it!

  75. hey there and thank you for your info Ive definitely picked up anything new from right here. I did however expertise several technical issues using this site, as I experienced to reload the site lots of times previous to I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your hosting is OK? Not that I am complaining, but slow loading instances times will often affect your placement in google and could damage your high quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords. Anyway Im adding this RSS to my email and could look out for much more of your respective exciting content. Make sure you update this again soon..

  76. Fantastic blog you have here but I was curious about if you knew of any community forums that cover the same topics talked about here? I’d really love to be a part of community where I can get suggestions from other experienced individuals that share the same interest. If you have any suggestions, please let me know. Kudos!

  77. Hmm it seems like your website ate my first comment (it was extremely long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I submitted and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I as well am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still new to everything. Do you have any points for newbie blog writers? I’d certainly appreciate it.

  78. I am commenting to make you be aware of what a really good experience my daughter had going through the blog. She figured out too many issues, with the inclusion of what it is like to possess an ideal giving spirit to have many people with no trouble completely grasp specified advanced subject matter. You truly surpassed readers’ expectations. Thanks for offering such interesting, healthy, revealing and fun guidance on that topic to Ethel.

  79. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own weblog and was curious what all is required to get set up? I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I’m not very internet smart so I’m not 100 certain. Any suggestions or advice would be greatly appreciated. Appreciate it

  80. Ive been exploring for a bit for any high quality articles or blog posts on this kind of area . Exploring in Yahoo I at last stumbled upon this website. Reading this information So im happy to convey that I have a very good uncanny feeling I discovered just what I needed. I most certainly will make sure to do not forget this website and give it a glance regularly.

ОСТАВЬТЕ КОММЕНТАРИЙ

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here