Международной группой исследователей, представленной учеными из Франции, Бельгии, Испании Германии, Болгарии и США, были определены регионы, где произошло одомашнивание кошек. Об этом сообщает портал The Globe And Mail, ссылаясь на исследование, опубликованное в журнале Nature Ecology and Evolution.

Для того, чтобы сделать заключению по возникновению и распространению популяций, авторами были проанализированы ДНК более двухсот кошек, ранее и ныне обитающих по обширным территориям от Румынии до Анголы. Были взяты ДНК как современных представителей животных, так и тех, кто обитал на Земле 9 000 лет назад в Европе, Африке и Азии. Были также подвергнуты исследованию мумии кошек из древних египетских захоронений. Был также изучен кот, которого нашли захороненным вместе с человеком примерно 9500 лет назад на Кипре, что не характерно для острова, на котором не существовало какого-либо коренного населения кошачьих.

Ученые считают, что одомашнивание кошки началось около 10 000 лет назад, когда люди поселились в плодородном регионе, включающим в себя восточные побережья Средиземного моря и территории вокруг реки Тигр и Евфрат, они заинтересовались кошками, которые отпугивали грызунов, которых привлекало хранившееся зерно.

Но, в целом процесс приручения кошек ученым сложно отслеживать, отчасти потому, что по ископаемым скелетам не выявить, был ли кот диким или домашним.

Как полагают специалисты, предки современной кошки практически одновременно появились в двух регионах, и затем уже стали распространяться по планете. Так, первая популяция кошек, которая возникла в Юго-Восточной Азии, а в 4400 году до нашей эры уже обитала и в Европе. Вторая популяция животных, возникшая в Древнем Египте, своему распространению обязана торговым путям, которые вели к Средиземному морю.

Первые кошки появились в Болгарии более 6000 лет назад, в Румынии более 5000 лет назад, и около 3000 лет назад в Греции.

Множество кошачьих пород появились уже в Европе, когда кошки из разных популяций смешивались между собой. Так, например, ученые смогли доказать, что кошки с полосатой раскраской появились только в Средние века, благодаря мутации.

47 КОММЕНТАРИИ

  1. Excellent site you have here but I was curious about if you knew of any community forums that cover the same topics discussed in this article? I’d really love to be a part of group where I can get feed-back from other experienced people that share the same interest. If you have any recommendations, please let me know. Cheers!

  2. Thanks a lot for providing individuals with an extremely memorable possiblity to read in detail from this blog. It’s usually so nice plus jam-packed with fun for me personally and my office co-workers to search the blog really three times in a week to read through the fresh guidance you have. Of course, I’m just always impressed considering the exceptional advice you serve. Certain 4 ideas on this page are in reality the finest we have all ever had.

  3. Hello! This is my 1st comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and tell you I truly enjoy reading your posts. Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that cover the same subjects? Thanks!

  4. My husband and i ended up being really delighted John could conclude his investigations by way of the precious recommendations he obtained through your site. It’s not at all simplistic to simply find yourself giving out tips and hints that the others could have been selling. We really acknowledge we have got the writer to thank because of that. The explanations you have made, the straightforward site menu, the friendships your site aid to engender — it is mostly astonishing, and it’s letting our son in addition to the family understand the subject is entertaining, which is certainly incredibly vital. Thanks for the whole thing!

  5. It’s a shame you don’t have a donate button! I’d without a doubt donate to this excellent blog! I guess for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to new updates and will share this site with my Facebook group. Chat soon!

  6. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article author for your weblog. You have some really great articles and I believe I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d really like to write some content for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine. Please blast me an e-mail if interested. Cheers!

  7. Woah! I’m really enjoying the template/theme of this site. It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s hard to get that «perfect balance» between usability and visual appeal. I must say you have done a excellent job with this. Also, the blog loads super quick for me on Safari. Exceptional Blog!

  8. Howdy would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re using? I’m planning to start my own blog in the near future but I’m having a hard time making a decision between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal. The reason I ask is because your design and style seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something unique. P.S My apologies for being off-topic but I had to ask!

  9. My husband and i have been now contented that Ervin could deal with his reports out of the ideas he acquired from your web site. It is now and again perplexing just to choose to be releasing strategies which usually men and women might have been trying to sell. And now we grasp we’ve got you to thank for this. The specific illustrations you’ve made, the simple web site navigation, the friendships you give support to engender — it’s mostly awesome, and it is helping our son in addition to our family feel that the concept is satisfying, which is wonderfully vital. Thank you for the whole lot!

  10. Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of this site. It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s very hard to get that «perfect balance» between usability and visual appearance. I must say that you’ve done a amazing job with this. In addition, the blog loads super quick for me on Internet explorer. Superb Blog!

  11. My wife and i got very more than happy that Ervin could finish up his analysis from the ideas he discovered from your own web site. It is now and again perplexing to just always be giving away key points which often a number of people may have been selling. And we all discover we’ve got the writer to be grateful to because of that. The explanations you have made, the easy site navigation, the friendships you will help to promote — it’s many fantastic, and it’s helping our son and our family know that the concept is pleasurable, which is certainly extremely serious. Many thanks for the whole thing!

  12. Greetings! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could locate a captcha plugin for my comment form? I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having difficulty finding one? Thanks a lot!

  13. I simply wanted to appreciate you once again. I’m not certain what I might have sorted out without the tricks discussed by you about this concern. It absolutely was the intimidating case in my circumstances, but spending time with a specialized avenue you treated it forced me to jump over happiness. I will be grateful for your support and even hope you find out what an amazing job you were carrying out teaching many people through your web site. More than likely you’ve never met any of us.

  14. The other day, while I was at work, my sister stole my apple ipad and tested to see if it can survive a twenty five foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My iPad is now broken and she has 83 views. I know this is totally off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  15. I needed to post you one tiny observation in order to thank you as before about the precious secrets you have discussed in this article. This is quite extremely open-handed with people like you in giving unhampered just what a few individuals might have advertised for an ebook to help make some dough for their own end, notably considering that you could have tried it if you ever considered necessary. Those creative ideas additionally served like a good way to know that other people online have a similar desire much like mine to realize lots more in terms of this issue. I’m sure there are numerous more enjoyable times up front for those who looked at your blog post.

  16. Thanks so much for providing individuals with an extraordinarily splendid opportunity to read critical reviews from this site. It’s usually very pleasurable plus jam-packed with amusement for me and my office friends to visit the blog at the very least three times weekly to find out the latest guidance you will have. Not to mention, I’m so usually pleased with the terrific guidelines served by you. Certain 1 ideas in this article are ultimately the very best we’ve ever had.

  17. Magnificent beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your site, how could i subscribe for a blog website? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear concept

  18. Hey! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this website? I’m getting sick and tired of WordPress because I’ve had problems with hackers and I’m looking at options for another platform. I would be great if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

ОСТАВЬТЕ КОММЕНТАРИЙ

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here